The Roman Therms are the biggest ancient public building found in Bulgaria and on the Balkan Peninsula. The comparatively well preserved walls outline an impressive structure, built on more than 7000 square meters.
The public baths of Odessos (modern Varna) are one of the best preserved monuments of the Roman period in Bulgaria (I-IV). They are from the “Small imperial type” and their construction refers to the end of the 2nd century. Thе Roman bath is the fourth largest in Europe – after the Baths of Caracalla and Diocletian in Rome and Trevira (Trier, Germany). Used until the end of III century.
The main entrances of the Odesos are in the eastern and the western edge of the northern facade. Through three steps visitors have entered to the east and west hallways (vestibulеs). They dressed up in two locker rooms (apoditeria) – the largest rooms after the meeting room, sports, etc. Locker rooms were the place where visitors spent part of their time before or after bathing.
In the baths there were other rooms with different purpose: hall for pouring cool water (frigidarium); for pouring warm water (tepidarium); for pouring hot water (caldarium); toilets (latrinae); boiler room (praefurnium), etc. Among other public buildings baths were an important part of everyday life in Odessos. Since the 60s of the 20th century the Roman Baths are an architectural monument of national importance.