Alley of National Revival
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National Revival Alley

Attraction type: Historical Monuments
Address: Sea Garden, Varna

In the early 20th century was built and preserved for the future generations the unique Varna Alley of the Bulgarian National Revival. The Bulgarian Revival Committee, established in 1908, had as its prime target the erection of 22 monuments in the Sea Garden in Varna; of them – 20 dedicated to prominent figures from the periods of the National Revival and the Liberation from Ottoman domination, and the other two – to Science and Liberty.

  • The first monument on the Alley of the Revival – a bust of the great poet and revolutionary Christo Botev (on July 27, 1911 – the date of Liberation of Varna from Ottoman domination)
  • The second monument – a bust of Vassil Levski, the so-called Apostle of Bulgarian Freedom (1912)
  • Because of the Wars (Balkan and First World) was hindered the further shaping of the Alley for a prolonged period of time (1920) – when a bust of Ivan Vazov (the first monument to Ivan Vazov in Bulgaria), revered as the Father of Modern Bulgarian Literature.

There followed, in a row, the busts of:

  • Paisii Hilendarski, the author of the first written Bulgarian History (1926)
  • Metropolitan Bishop Simeon, the first head of Varna clergy after the Liberation of 1878 (1930)
  • Vassil Aprilov, a great Revival Period enlightener (1936)
  • Hadji Dimiter, a legendary insurgent detachment leader from 19th century (1939)
  • After 34 years of delay because of the second world war in 1973 was put up the bust of George Benkovski, the heroic leader of the April Rising of 1876.
  • Dr. Peter Beron, a great Revival Period enlightener and the author of the so-called Fish Primer – the first modern Bulgarian textbook and Lyuben Karavelov, a great revolutionary, writer and journalist (1973)
  • The bust of Gotse Delchev, a great revolutionary and freedom-fighter (1997)
  • The bust of Zachary Stoyanov, a revolutionary and chronicler of the April Rising of 1876 (1998)
  • and the latest – the bust of Peyo Yavorov, a great poet and revolutionary (2001)